Schulöffnung nach Covid-19

Die ersten Bundesländer haben die Schulen wieder eröffnet, weitere Öffnungen stehen kurz bevor. Israel hat dies bereits im Mai gemacht - und es ist schief gegangen. Was passiert ist und was wir daraus lernen können, fasst ein Artikel der New York Times zusammen.

Israels Hinweis an andere Länder:

“They definitely should not do what we have done,” said Eli Waxman, a professor at the Weizmann Institute of Science and chairman of the team advising Israel’s National Security Council on the pandemic. “It was a major failure.”

Erklärungen zu den Hintergründen, die zur weitreichenen Öffnung geführt haben:

“If there is a low number of cases, there is an illusion that the disease is over,” said Dr. Hagai Levine, a professor of epidemiology at Hebrew University-Hadassah School of Public Health. “But it’s a complete illusion.”

“Jobs, jobs, jobs.”

Was besser gewesen wäre:

“The mistake in Israel,” he said, “is that you can open the education system, but you have to do it gradually, with certain limits, and you have to do it in a very careful way.”

Der konkrete Grund für den Ausbruch:

Then a heat wave hit. Parents complained that it was inhumane to make children wear masks in steaming classrooms where open windows nullified the air conditioning.
In response, the government exempted everyone from wearing masks for four days, and schools shut the windows.

That decision proved disastrous, experts say. “Instead of canceling school in those days, they just told the kids ‘OK, well you have to stay in the class with the air conditioning on and take your masks off,’ so you have no ventilation really,” said Dr. Ronit Calderon-Margalit, a professor of epidemiology at Hebrew University-Hadassah Braun School of Public Health. “You have the ideal circumstances for an outbreak.”

Für die nächste Woche sind in vielen Teilen Deutschlands über 30° Celsius angekündigt.